Romania has a deep history of mines that
counts more than 2,000 years the Romans established settlements and developed
mines to extract gold and salt. History of the bound up with mining as it
definitely affects culture and economy of the country. In this article we are
going to share our experience exploring the most remarkable mines in Romania
We found mines to be a very unique sight of
the Romania. Going underground, exploring tunnels and constructions which looks
impossible to attach yet somehow floats in the air and you can even walk on it.
As well as, climbing mountain to reach one of the biggest open-air mines in
Europe. We are happy to be able to experience them here in Romania, it was
totally worth it.
One of the oldest and largest salt mine
museums in the world whose futuristic interior reminded us the headquarters of
the well-known superhero Batman.
Spectacular salt mine was carved manually using pickaxes, hammers,
chisels, and steel wedges, by free people and explosives were never used to
hollow the mine! Salina Turda also has an incredible amusement park located 120
meters underground that makes you feel like walking in science of fiction
movie. It looks a bit commercialized, but this does not stop you from admiring
the magnificence of Salina Turda.
Rosia Montana is a small charming Romanian
village located in western Transylvania that sits on the largest gold deposits
in whole Europe and holds the world’s largest intact roman mining tunnels.
Surrounded by spectacular mountains, forests and archaeological sites near the
village lies a remarkable size open-pit gold mine that once had to become the
largest in Europe. The mine can be watch from the viewing platform (location:
46.310363, 23.163945), you can take walk from the village that take around 1-2
hours and enjoy an impressive nature scenery on your way to the mine!
Baia mare – city of gold – is the capital of
Maramures County, that was founded in 1329 and developed as a major mining
center of Romania where gold, silver, and other nonferrous metals where
extracted. Baia Mare has the magnificent landscape of mountains and rolling
hills. It is a perfect starting point to explore historical Maramures region
and experience culture of miners.
We visited only this three miners’ towns as
many local people recommended them as a must see. However, Romania ranks tenth
in the world in terms of the diversity of minerals produced in the country,
that is why it has a plenty of other mines which, we believe, are also worth to
Hi! We are Pijus and Ieva, two digital nomads who have left their corporate careers to pursue their dream to travel the world. Through our blog Wander Spot Explore, we share discoveries, travel tips and inspiring photography from our travels.